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Enforcement and Removal

Deportation process begun against man who shot Jews as a Nazi policeman

WASHINGTON - The Department of Justice has initiated deportation process against a former member of the Nazi-sponsored Ukrainian Auxiliary Police (UAP) during World War II who participated in violent acts of persecution in occupied L'viv, Ukraine. U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) assisted with the case.

John (originally Iwan) Kalymon, 88, a Troy, Mich., resident, admitted in court proceedings that he fled with retreating German forces in 1944. He immigrated to the United States from Germany in May 1949, concealing his UAP service from U.S. immigration officials. He obtained U.S. citizenship in Detroit in October 1955. The recent Aug. 27 charging document in U.S. Immigration Court in Detroit alleges that Kalymon served as a member of the UAP from at least May 1942 to March 1944. It also charges that he personally shot Jews while serving, killing at least one. In addition, Kalymon is charged with participating in violent anti-Jewish operations in which Jews were forcibly deported to be murdered in gas chambers and to serve as slave laborers.

A federal judge in Detroit revoked Kalymon's citizenship in March 2007, concluding that he assisted in the wartime persecution of Jews by, “taking part in sweeps of the ghetto during periodic reduction actions; manning cordon posts around the city to prevent Jews from escaping before and during such actions; and hunting for Jews who attempted to hide or flee.” The court noted that World War II-era documents proved that Kalymon personally killed at least one Jew and wounded at least one other. One of the documents included a handwritten Aug. 14, 1942 report prepared by Kalymon in which he accounted to his UAP superiors for ammunition he had expended that day in shooting Jews. These actions were part of the so-called "Great Operation," which resulted in the removing 40,000 Jews from the L'viv Ghetto in August 1942.

During the German occupation of L'viv, which had been part of Poland before the war, UAP-assisted Nazi German forces confined more than 100,000 Jews to a ghetto in the city and carried out periodic operations to reduce the ghetto's population. During these violent operations, German forces and the UAP rounded up Jews, beating and shooting those who showed any sign of resistance. They sent most of them to be murdered in the gas chambers at the Belzec extermination center. Some were shot or selected to be worked to death in forced labor camps.

"With the active assistance of collaborators like John Kalymon, the Nazis annihilated some 100,000 innocent Jewish men, women and children in L'viv," noted Eli M. Rosenbaum, Director of the Criminal Division's Office of Special Operations (OSI). "Participants in such crimes have forfeited any right to enjoy the precious privilege of U.S. citizenship or to continue residing in the United States."

The proceedings to denaturalize Kalymon were initiated in 2004 by OSI and the U.S. Attorney's Office in Detroit. Since OSI began operations in 1979, it has won cases against 107 individuals who participated in Nazi-sponsored persecution. In addition, more than 180 suspected participants in Nazi crimes who sought to enter the United States in recent years have been blocked from doing so as a result of OSI's "Watchlist" program, which is enforced in cooperation with the Departments of State and Homeland Security.