U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE), the largest investigative agency in the Department of Homeland Security, is responsible for enforcing federal immigration laws as part of its homeland security mission. ICE works closely with federal, state and local law enforcement partners in this mission. The 287(g) program, one of ICE's top partnership initiatives, allows a state or local law enforcement entity to enter into a partnership with ICE, under a joint Memorandum of Agreement (MOA), in order to receive delegated authority for immigration enforcement within their jurisdictions.
287(g) Revisions: Updated Facts
In 2009, ICE revised the 287(g) delegated authority program, strengthening public safety and ensuring consistency in immigration enforcement across the country by prioritizing the arrest and detention of criminal aliens. (read more)
ICE ACCESS: A Partnership Approach
The 287(g) program is one component of the ICE ACCESS (Agreements of Cooperation in Communities to Enhance Safety and Security) program, which provides local law enforcement agencies an opportunity to team with ICE to combat specific challenges in their communities.
The 287(g) program is only one component under the ICE ACCESS umbrella of services and programs offered for assistance to local law enforcement officers.
ICE developed the ACCESS program in response to the widespread interest from local law enforcement agencies who have requested ICE assistance through the 287(g) program, which trains local officers to enforce immigration law as authorized through section 287(g) of the Immigration and Nationality Act. Terrorism and criminal activity are most effectively combated through a multi-agency/multi-authority approach that encompasses federal, state and local resources, skills and expertise.
State and local law enforcement play a critical role in protecting our homeland because they are often the first responders on the scene when there is an incident or attack against the United States. During the course of daily duties, they will often encounter foreign-born criminals and immigration violators who pose a threat to national security or public safety.
History of 287(g)
The Illegal Immigration Reform and Immigrant Responsibility Act of 1996 added Section 287(g), performance of immigration officer functions by state officers and employees, to the Immigration and Nationality Act. This authorizes the Director of ICE to enter into agreements with state and local law enforcement agencies, permitting designated officers to perform immigration law enforcement functions, provided that the local law enforcement officers receive appropriate training and function under the supervision of ICE officers.
Memorandum of Agreement
The MOA defines the scope and limitations of the delegation of authority. It also establishes the supervisory structure for the designated immigration officers working under the cross-designation and prescribes the agreed upon complaint process governing officer conduct during the life of the MOA. Under the statute, ICE will supervise all cross-designated officers when they exercise their immigration authorities. The agreement must be signed by the Executive Associate Director for Enforcement and Removal Operations, and the governor, a senior political entity or the head of the local agency before trained local designated immigration officers are authorized to enforce immigration law.
Officer Selection Requirements
Participating officers in the 287(g) program must meet the following requirements:
- U.S. citizenship
- Current background investigation completed
- Minimum one year of experience in current position
- No disciplinary actions pending
ICE provides a 4-week training program at the Federal Law Enforcement Training Center (FLETC) ICE Academy (ICEA) in Charleston, SC, conducted by certified instructors.
287(g) Results and Participating Entities
Currently, ICE has 287(g) agreements with 34 law enforcement agencies in 17 states. From January 2006 through September 30, 2014, the 287(g) program is credited with identifying more than 373,800 potentially removable aliens — mostly at local jails. ICE has trained and certified more than 1,500 state and local officers to enforce immigration law.
|STATE||LAW ENFORCEMENT AGENCY||SUPPORT TYPE||DATES SIGNED||MOA|
|ALABAMA||Etowah County Sheriff's Office||JAIL ENFORCEMENT||2013-06-28||link|
|ARIZONA||Arizona Department of Corrections||JAIL ENFORCEMENT||2013-09-26||link|
|ARIZONA||City of Mesa Police Department||JAIL ENFORCEMENT||2013-06-28||link|
|ARIZONA||Pinal County Sheriff's Office||JAIL ENFORCEMENT||2013-06-28||link|
|ARIZONA||Yavapai County Sheriff's Office||JAIL ENFORCEMENT||2013-08-15||link|
|ARKANSAS||Benton County Sheriff's Office||JAIL ENFORCEMENT||2013-06-28||link|
|ARKANSAS||Washington County Sheriff's Office||JAIL ENFORCEMENT||2013-07-03||link|
|CALIFORNIA||Orange County Sheriff's Office||JAIL ENFORCEMENT||2006-11-02||link|
|CALIFORNIA||Los Angeles County Sheriff's Office||JAIL ENFORCEMENT||2010-10-12||link|
|COLORADO||El Paso County Sheriff's Office||JAIL ENFORCEMENT||2013-07-09||link|
|FLORIDA||Collier County Sheriff's Office||JAIL ENFORCEMENT||2013-06-28||link|
|FLORIDA||Jacksonville Sheriff's Office||JAIL ENFORCEMENT||2013-06-28||link|
|GEORGIA||Cobb County Sheriff's Office||JAIL ENFORCEMENT||2013-06-27||link|
|GEORGIA||Gwinnett County Sheriff's Office||JAIL ENFORCEMENT||2013-06-28||link|
|GEORGIA||Hall County Sheriff's Office||JAIL ENFORCEMENT||2013-06-28||link|
|GEORGIA||Whitfield County Sheriff's Office||JAIL ENFORCEMENT||2013-06-27||link|
|MARYLAND||Frederick County Sheriff's Office||JAIL ENFORCEMENT||2013-06-28||link|
|MASSACHUSETTS||Massachusetts Department of Correction||JAIL ENFORCEMENT||2007-03-26||link|
|NEVADA||Las Vegas Metropolitan Police Department||JAIL ENFORCEMENT||2013-06-28||link|
|NEW JERSEY||Hudson County Department of Corrections||JAIL ENFORCEMENT||2013-06-28||link|
|NEW JERSEY||Monmouth County Sheriff's Office||JAIL ENFORCEMENT||2014-05-21||link|
|NORTH CAROLINA||Cabarrus County Sheriff's Office||JAIL ENFORCEMENT||2013-06-28||link|
|NORTH CAROLINA||Gaston County Sheriff's Office||JAIL ENFORCEMENT||2013-06-28||link|
|NORTH CAROLINA||Henderson County Sheriff's Office||JAIL ENFORCEMENT||2013-06-28||link|
|NORTH CAROLINA||Mecklenburg County Sheriff's Office||JAIL ENFORCEMENT||2013-12-30||link|
|NORTH CAROLINA||Wake County Sheriff's Office||JAIL ENFORCEMENT||2013-06-28||link|
|OHIO||Butler County Sheriff's Office||JAIL ENFORCEMENT||2013-06-28||link|
|OKLAHOMA||Tulsa County Sheriff's Office||JAIL ENFORCEMENT||2013-06-28||link|
|SOUTH CAROLINA||Charleston County Sheriff's Office||JAIL ENFORCEMENT||2013-06-28||link|
|SOUTH CAROLINA||Lexington County Sheriff's Office||JAIL ENFORCEMENT||2013-07-30||link|
|SOUTH CAROLINA||York County Sheriff's Office||JAIL ENFORCEMENT||2013-06-28||link|
|TEXAS||Carrollton Police Department||JAIL ENFORCEMENT||2013-06-28||link|
|TEXAS||Harris County Sheriff's Office||JAIL ENFORCEMENT||2013-11-04||link|
|VIRGINIA||Prince William-Manassas Regional Adult Detention Center||JAIL ENFORCEMENT||2013-06-28||link|