United States Flag
Official Website of the Department of Homeland Security

Report Crimes: Email or Call 1-866-DHS-2-ICE

mobile search image

Delegation of Immigration Authority Section 287(g) Immigration and Nationality Act

U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE), the largest investigative agency in the Department of Homeland Security, is responsible for enforcing federal immigration laws as part of its homeland security mission. ICE works closely with federal, state and local law enforcement partners in this mission. The 287(g) program, one of ICE's top partnership initiatives, allows a state or local law enforcement entity to enter into a partnership with ICE, under a joint Memorandum of Agreement (MOA), in order to receive delegated authority for immigration enforcement within their jurisdictions.

287(g) Revisions: Updated Facts

In 2009, ICE revised the 287(g) delegated authority program, strengthening public safety and ensuring consistency in immigration enforcement across the country by prioritizing the arrest and detention of criminal aliens. (read more)

History of 287(g)

The Illegal Immigration Reform and Immigrant Responsibility Act of 1996 added Section 287(g), performance of immigration officer functions by state officers and employees, to the Immigration and Nationality Act. This authorizes the Director of ICE to enter into agreements with state and local law enforcement agencies, permitting designated officers to perform immigration law enforcement functions, provided that the local law enforcement officers receive appropriate training and function under the supervision of ICE officers.

Memorandum of Agreement

The MOA defines the scope and limitations of the delegation of authority. It also establishes the supervisory structure for the designated immigration officers working under the cross-designation and prescribes the agreed upon complaint process governing officer conduct during the life of the MOA. Under the statute, ICE will supervise all cross-designated officers when they exercise their immigration authorities. The agreement must be signed by the Executive Associate Director for Enforcement and Removal Operations, and the governor, a senior political entity or the head of the local agency before trained local designated immigration officers are authorized to enforce immigration law.

Officer Selection Requirements

Participating officers in the 287(g) program must meet the following requirements:

  • U.S. citizenship
  • Current background investigation completed
  • Experience in current position
  • No disciplinary actions pending

Training Requirements

ICE provides a four-week basic training program and a one-week refresher training program (completed every two years) conducted by certified instructors at the Federal Law Enforcement Training Center (FLETC) ICE Academy (ICEA) in Charleston, SC.

287(g) Results and Participating Entities

Currently, ICE has 287(g) agreements with 42 law enforcement agencies in 17 states. ICE has trained and certified more than 1,822 state and local officers to enforce immigration law.

Mutually Signed Agreements
ALABAMAEtowah County Sheriff's OfficeJail Enforcement2016-06-08link
ARIZONAArizona Department of CorrectionsJail Enforcement2016-06-08link
ARIZONACity of Mesa Police DepartmentJail Enforcement2016-06-23link
ARIZONAPinal County Sheriff's OfficeJail Enforcement2016-06-13link
ARIZONAYavapai County Sheriff's OfficeJail Enforcement2016-06-08link
ARKANSASBenton County Sheriff's OfficeJail Enforcement2016-06-13link
ARKANSASWashington County Sheriff's OfficeJail Enforcement2016-06-23link
CALIFORNIAOrange County Sheriff's OfficeJail Enforcement2016-06-23link
FLORIDACollier County Sheriff's OfficeJail Enforcement2016-06-13link
FLORIDAJacksonville Sheriff's OfficeJail Enforcement2016-06-30link
GEORGIACobb County Sheriff's OfficeJail Enforcement2016-06-30link
GEORGIAGwinnett County Sheriff's OfficeJail Enforcement2016-06-30link
GEORGIAHall County Sheriff's OfficeJail Enforcement2016-06-23link
GEORGIAWhitfield County Sheriff's OfficeJail Enforcement2016-06-08link
LOUISIANAEast Baton Rouge Parish Sheriff’s OfficeJail Enforcement2017-05-03link
MARYLANDFrederick County Sheriff's OfficeJail Enforcement2016-08-03link
MARYLANDHarford County Sheriff's OfficeJail Enforcement2016-10-26link
MASSACHUSETTSBristol County Sheriff's OfficeJail Enforcement2017-01-18link
MASSACHUSETTSMassachusetts Department of CorrectionsJail Enforcement2016-06-23link
MASSACHUSETTSPlymouth County Sheriff's DepartmentJail Enforcement2017-01-18link
NEVADALas Vegas Metropolitan Police DepartmentJail Enforcement2016-06-28link
NEVADANye County Sheriff’s OfficeJail Enforcement2017-04-20link
NEW JERSEYCape May County Sheriffs OfficeJail Enforcement2017-04-10link
NEW JERSEYHudson County Department of CorrectionsJail Enforcement2016-07-22link
NEW JERSEYMonmouth County Sheriff's OfficeJail Enforcement2016-06-08link
NEW JERSEYSalem County Sheriff’s OfficeJail Enforcement2016-12-08link
NORTH CAROLINACabarrus County Sheriff's OfficeJail Enforcement2016-06-28link
NORTH CAROLINAGaston County Sheriff's OfficeJail Enforcement2016-06-30link
NORTH CAROLINAHenderson County Sheriff's OfficeJail Enforcement2017-02-28link
NORTH CAROLINAMecklenburg County Sheriff's OfficeJail Enforcement2017-02-28link
NORTH CAROLINAWake County Sheriff's OfficeJail Enforcement2016-06-08link
OHIOButler County Sheriff's OfficeJail Enforcement2016-09-30link
OKLAHOMATulsa County Sheriff's OfficeJail Enforcement2016-06-23link
SOUTH CAROLINACharleston County Sheriff's OfficeJail Enforcement2016-06-23link
SOUTH CAROLINALexington County Sheriff's OfficeJail Enforcement2016-11-04link
SOUTH CAROLINAYork County Sheriff's OfficeJail Enforcement2016-06-28link
TEXASCarrollton Police DepartmentJail Enforcement2016-06-13link
TEXASJackson County Sheriff's OfficeJail Enforcement2017-01-26link
TEXASLubbock County Sheriff's OfficeJail Enforcement2016-11-16link
TEXAS Smith County Sheriff’s Office Jail Enforcement 2017-04-25 link
TEXAS Waller County Sheriff’s Office Jail Enforcement 2017-05-22 link
VIRGINIAPrince William-Manassas Regional Adult Detention CenterJail Enforcement2016-06-23link