United States Flag
Official Website of the Department of Homeland Security

Report Crimes: Email or Call 1-866-DHS-2-ICE

mobile search image

Delegation of Immigration Authority Section 287(g) Immigration and Nationality Act

Share

  • Email icon
  • Facebook icon
  • Twitter icon
  • Print icon

Overview

U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) 287(g) Program enhances the safety and security of communities by creating partnerships with state and local law enforcement agencies to identify and remove aliens who are amenable to removal from the United States.

The Illegal Immigration Reform and Immigrant Responsibility Act of 1996 added Section 287(g), to the Immigration and Nationality Act. This section of law authorizes the Director of ICE to enter into agreements with state and local law enforcement agencies, that permit designated officers to perform limited immigration law enforcement functions. Agreements under section 287(g) require the local law enforcement officers to receive appropriate training and to function under the supervision of ICE officers.

The 287(g) Program continues to receive overwhelmingly positive feedback from its partners. The mutually beneficial agreements allow state and local officers to act as a force multiplier in the identification, arrest, and service of warrants and detainers of incarcerated foreign-born individuals with criminal charges or convictions. Those deemed amenable to removal are identified while still secure in state or local custody, potentially reducing the time the alien spends in ICE custody. The state and local partners benefit by reducing the number of criminal offenders that are released back into the community without being screened for immigration violations. Gang members, sex offenders, and murderers are often identified and taken into ICE custody after serving their criminal sentences, thus being removed from the community. The efficiency and safety of the program allows ICE to actively engage criminal alien offenders while incarcerated in a secure and controlled environment as opposed to the alternative of conducting at-large arrests which can pose safety concerns for the officers and the community and may result in collateral arrests. Federal, state and local officers working together provide a tremendous benefit to public safety through increased law enforcement communication and overall community policing effectiveness.

Memorandum of Agreement

ICE and the requesting Law Enforcement Agency (LEA) sign a Memorandum of Agreement (MOA) that defines the scope, duration and limitations of the delegation of authority. It also sets forth the training requirements, the terms of ICE supervision, and requires the partnering LEA to follow DHS and ICE policies when its designated immigration officers (DIOs) perform delegated immigration enforcement functions.

How to Participate

Officers participating in the 287(g) Program must possess U.S. citizenship, complete and pass a background investigation, and have knowledge of and have enforced laws and regulations pertinent to their law enforcement activities at their jurisdictions. If interested in becoming a law enforcement partner under the 287(g) Program, please send your inquiry to ERO287g@ice.dhs.gov.

Types of Models

  • Jail Enforcement Model
    The 287(g) Program utilizes the Jail Enforcement Model (JEM) to accomplish its mission, which is designed to identify and process removable aliens with criminal or pending criminal charges who are arrested by state or local LEAs. The JEM Program is supervised by the local ICE Office of Enforcement and Removal Operations Field Office. Under the JEM, nominated state and local law enforcement officers will be trained, certified, and authorized by ICE to perform only those immigration functions that are established on the Standard Operating Procedures (SOP) of the Memorandum of Understanding. ICE provides a training program conducted at the Federal Law Enforcement Training Center ICE Academy in Charleston, SC.
  • Warrant Service Officer Model
    The 287(g) Program developed the Warrant Service Officer (WSO) model to provide an opportunity for jurisdictions to participate in a narrower cooperative agreement with ICE. Under the WSO model, nominated state and local law enforcement officers will be trained, certified, and authorized by ICE to perform limited functions of an immigration officer within the law enforcement agency’s jail and/or correctional facilities as set forth in the Standard Operating Procedures of the Warrant Service Officer Memorandum of Agreement.
    ICE provides a training program conducted by certified instructors at a location most convenient for the participating LEA.

287(g) Successes

In fiscal year (FY) 2018, the 287(g) Program encountered approximately 700 aliens convicted for assault, 670 convicted for dangerous drugs, 150 convicted for sex offenses/assaults, 150 convicted for obstructing police, 125 convicted for weapon offenses, and 13 convicted for homicide.

Recent Arrests

South Carolina: On January 7, 2019, a Designated Immigration Officer from the Horry County Sheriff’s Office 287(g) Program encountered a citizen of Jamaica who was charged with assault/attempted murder. The subject’s prior criminal history includes an arrest for driving without a license. The subject was admitted into the United States as a non-immigrant B-2, Temporary Visitor for Pleasure, and had stayed past the duration of the visa. The Horry County 287(g) Program placed an immigration detainer, Form I-247A, and warrant on the subject.

Texas: On November 18, 2018, Designated Immigration Officer from the Galveston County Sheriff's Office 287(g) Program encountered a citizen of Mexico who was charged with sex offender’s duty to register (Failure to Register). The subject had previously been convicted of aggravated sexual assault of a child. The Galveston County 287(g) Program placed an immigration detainer, Form I-247A, and warrant on the subject.

Georgia: On March 13, 2019, a Designated Immigration Officer from the Charleston County, SC Sheriff’s Office 287(g) Program encountered a citizen of Mexico who was charged with criminal sexual conduct with a minor second degree – victim 11 to 14 years of age. The individual had previously been removed. The Charleston County 287(g) Program placed an immigration detainer, Form I-247A, and warrant on the individual, who will be served with a Notice of Intent/Decision to Reinstate Prior Order, Form I-871.

Participating Entities

As of May 2019, ICE has 287(g) JEM agreements with 80 law enforcement agencies in 21 states. ICE also has 287(g) WSO agreements with 10 law enforcement agencies in the state of Florida.

Mutually Signed Agreements
STATELAW ENFORCEMENT AGENCYSUPPORT TYPESIGNEDMOA
ALABAMAEtowah County Sheriff's OfficeJail Enforcement Model2016-06-08link
ARIZONAArizona Department of CorrectionsJail Enforcement Model2016-06-08link
ARIZONAMesa Police DepartmentJail Enforcement Model2016-06-23link
ARIZONAPinal County Sheriff's OfficeJail Enforcement Model2016-06-13link
ARIZONAYavapai County Sheriff's OfficeJail Enforcement Model2016-06-08link
ARKANSASBenton County Sheriff's OfficeJail Enforcement Model2016-06-13link
ARKANSASCraighead County Sheriff's OfficeJail Enforcement Model2019-02-28
ARKANSASWashington County Sheriff's OfficeJail Enforcement Model2016-06-23link
COLORADOTeller County Sheriff's OfficeJail Enforcement Model2019-01-06
FLORIDABrevard County Sheriff's OfficeWarrant Service Officer2019-05-06
FLORIDACharlotte County Sheriff's OfficeWarrant Service Officer2019-05-06
FLORIDAClay County Sheriff's OfficeJail Enforcement Model2017-06-30link
FLORIDACollier County Sheriff's OfficeJail Enforcement Model2016-06-13link
FLORIDAColumbia County Sheriff's OfficeWarrant Service Officer2019-05-06
FLORIDAHernando County Sheriff's OfficeJail Enforcement Model2018-02-27link
FLORIDAHernando County Sheriff's OfficeWarrant Service Officer2019-05-06
FLORIDAJacksonville Sheriff's OfficeJail Enforcement Model2016-06-30link
FLORIDALevy County Sheriff's OfficeWarrant Service Officer2019-05-06
FLORIDAManatee County Sheriff's OfficeWarrant Service Officer2019-05-06
FLORIDAPasco County Sheriff’s OfficeJail Enforcement Model2017-08-22link
FLORIDAPinellas County Sheriff's OfficeWarrant Service Officer2019-04-24
FLORIDAPolk County Sheriff's OfficeWarrant Service Officer2019-05-06
FLORIDASarasota County Sheriff's OfficeWarrant Service Officer2019-05-06
FLORIDAWalton County Sheriff's OfficeWarrant Service Officer2019-05-06
GEORGIACobb County Sheriff's OfficeJail Enforcement Model2016-06-30link
GEORGIAFloyd County Sheriff's OfficeJail Enforcement Model2018-02-02link
GEORGIAGeorgia Department of CorrectionsJail Enforcement Model2018-02-05link
GEORGIAGwinnett County Sheriff's OfficeJail Enforcement Model2016-06-30link
GEORGIAHall County Sheriff's OfficeJail Enforcement Model2016-06-23link
GEORGIAWhitfield County Sheriff's OfficeJail Enforcement Model2016-06-08link
LOUISIANAEast Baton Rouge Parish Sheriff’s OfficeJail Enforcement Model2017-05-03link
LOUISIANAOuachita Parish Sheriff's OfficeJail Enforcement Model2019-02-28
LOUISIANATerrebonne Parish Sheriff's OfficeJail Enforcement Model2019-02-28
MARYLANDCecil County Sheriff's OfficeJail Enforcement Model2019-02-13
MARYLANDFrederick County Sheriff's OfficeJail Enforcement Model2016-08-03link
MARYLANDHarford County Sheriff's OfficeJail Enforcement Model2016-10-26link
MASSACHUSETTSBarnstable County Sheriff's OfficeJail Enforcement Model2018-01-25link
MASSACHUSETTSBristol County Sheriff's OfficeJail Enforcement Model2017-02-08link
MASSACHUSETTSMassachusetts Department of CorrectionsJail Enforcement Model2016-06-23link
MASSACHUSETTSPlymouth County Sheriff's DepartmentJail Enforcement Model2017-02-08link
NEBRASKADakota County Sheriff's OfficeJail Enforcement Model2018-01-16link
NEVADALas Vegas Metropolitan Police DepartmentJail Enforcement Model2016-06-28link
NEVADALyon County Sheriff's OfficeJail Enforcement Model2018-05-04link
NEVADANye County Sheriff’s OfficeJail Enforcement Model2017-04-20link
NEW JERSEYCape May County Sheriffs OfficeJail Enforcement Model2017-04-10link
NEW JERSEYMonmouth County Sheriff's OfficeJail Enforcement Model2016-06-08link
NEW JERSEYSalem County Sheriff’s OfficeJail Enforcement Model2016-12-08link
NEW YORKRensselaer County Sheriff's OfficeJail Enforcement Model2018-01-30link
NORTH CAROLINACabarrus County Sheriff's OfficeJail Enforcement Model2016-06-28link
NORTH CAROLINAGaston County Sheriff's OfficeJail Enforcement Model2016-06-30link
NORTH CAROLINAHenderson County Sheriff's OfficeJail Enforcement Model2017-02-28link
NORTH CAROLINANash County Sheriff's OfficeJail Enforcement Model2018-02-02link
OHIOButler County Sheriff's OfficeJail Enforcement Model2016-09-30link
OKLAHOMACanadian County Sheriff's OfficeJail Enforcement Model2018-01-25link
OKLAHOMAOkmulgee County Criminal Justice AuthorityJail Enforcement Model2018-01-25link
OKLAHOMATulsa County Sheriff's OfficeJail Enforcement Model2016-06-23link
SOUTH CAROLINACharleston County Sheriff's OfficeJail Enforcement Model2016-06-23link
SOUTH CAROLINAHorry County Sheriff's OfficeJail Enforcement Model2017-06-30link
SOUTH CAROLINALexington County Sheriff's OfficeJail Enforcement Model2016-11-04link
SOUTH CAROLINAYork County Sheriff's OfficeJail Enforcement Model2016-06-28link
TENNESSEEGreene County Sheriff’s OfficeJail Enforcement Model2019-02-28
TENNESSEEKnox County Sheriff’s OfficeJail Enforcement Model2017-06-15link
TEXASAransas County Sheriff's OfficeJail Enforcement Model2017-06-30link
TEXASBurnet County Sheriff's OfficeJail Enforcement Model2018-02-02link
TEXASCalhoun County Sheriff’s OfficeJail Enforcement Model2017-06-28link
TEXASChambers County Sheriff’s OfficeJail Enforcement Model2017-07-17link
TEXASDeWitt County Sheriff’s OfficeJail Enforcement Model2017-06-30link
TEXASGalveston County Sheriff’s OfficeJail Enforcement Model2017-06-30link
TEXASGoliad County Sheriff’s OfficeJail Enforcement Model2017-06-26link
TEXASJackson County Sheriff's OfficeJail Enforcement Model2017-01-26link
TEXASKendall County Sheriff's OfficeJail Enforcement Model2018-03-26link
TEXASLavaca County Sheriff’s OfficeJail Enforcement Model2017-06-30link
TEXASLubbock County Sheriff's OfficeJail Enforcement Model2016-11-16link
TEXASMatagorda County Sheriff's OfficeJail Enforcement Model2017-07-27link
TEXASMontgomery County Sheriff’s OfficeJail Enforcement Model2017-06-28link
TEXASNueces County Sheriff's OfficeJail Enforcement Model2018-01-18link
TEXASPotter County Sheriff's OfficeJail Enforcement Model2018-01-25link
TEXASRefugio County Sheriff’s OfficeJail Enforcement Model2017-06-28link
TEXASRockwall County Sheriff's OfficeJail Enforcement Model2018-01-25link
TEXASSmith County Sheriff’s OfficeJail Enforcement Model2017-04-25link
TEXASTarrant County Sheriff’s OfficeJail Enforcement Model2017-06-19link
TEXASTerrell County Sheriff's OfficeJail Enforcement Model2018-01-25link
TEXASVictoria County Sheriff’s OfficeJail Enforcement Model2017-07-12link
TEXASWalker County Sheriff’s OfficeJail Enforcement Model2017-07-20link
TEXASWaller County Sheriff’s OfficeJail Enforcement Model2017-05-22link
TEXASWharton County Sheriff’s OfficeJail Enforcement Model2017-07-17link
TEXASWilliamson County Sheriff's OfficeJail Enforcement Model2018-02-08link
VIRGINIACulpeper County Sheriff’s OfficeJail Enforcement Model2018-04-24link
VIRGINIAPrince William-Manassas Regional Adult Detention CenterJail Enforcement Model2016-06-23link
WISCONSINWaukesha County Sheriff's OfficeJail Enforcement Model2018-02-08link

 

Last Reviewed/Updated: 05/20/2019