United States Flag
Official Website of the Department of Homeland Security

Report Crimes: Email or Call 1-866-DHS-2-ICE

mobile search image

Delegation of Immigration Authority Section 287(g) Immigration and Nationality Act

Share

  • Email icon
  • Facebook icon
  • Twitter icon
  • Print icon

Overview

U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) 287(g) Program enhances the safety and security of communities by creating partnerships with state and local law enforcement agencies to identify and remove aliens who are amenable to removal from the United States.

The Illegal Immigration Reform and Immigrant Responsibility Act of 1996 added Section 287(g), to the Immigration and Nationality Act. This section of law authorizes the Director of ICE to enter into agreements with state and local law enforcement agencies, that permit designated officers to perform limited immigration law enforcement functions. Agreements under section 287(g) require the local law enforcement officers to receive appropriate training and to function under the supervision of ICE officers.

The 287(g) Program continues to receive overwhelmingly positive feedback from its partners. The mutually beneficial agreements allow state and local officers to act as a force multiplier in the identification, arrest, and service of warrants and detainers of incarcerated foreign-born individuals with criminal charges or convictions. Those deemed amenable to removal are identified while still secure in state or local custody, potentially reducing the time the alien spends in ICE custody. The state and local partners benefit by reducing the number of criminal offenders that are released back into the community without being screened for immigration violations. Gang members, sex offenders, and murderers are often identified and taken into ICE custody after serving their criminal sentences, thus being removed from the community. The efficiency and safety of the program allows ICE to actively engage criminal alien offenders while incarcerated in a secure and controlled environment as opposed to the alternative of conducting at-large arrests which can pose safety concerns for the officers and the community and may result in collateral arrests. Federal, state and local officers working together provide a tremendous benefit to public safety through increased law enforcement communication and overall community policing effectiveness.

Memorandum of Agreement

ICE and the requesting Law Enforcement Agency (LEA) sign a Memorandum of Agreement (MOA) that defines the scope, duration and limitations of the delegation of authority. It also sets forth the training requirements, the terms of ICE supervision, and requires the partnering LEA to follow DHS and ICE policies when its designated immigration officers (DIOs) perform delegated immigration enforcement functions.

How to Participate

Officers participating in the 287(g) Program must possess U.S. citizenship, complete and pass a background investigation, and have knowledge of and have enforced laws and regulations pertinent to their law enforcement activities at their jurisdictions. If interested in becoming a law enforcement partner under the 287(g) Program, please send your inquiry to ERO287g@ice.dhs.gov.

Types of Models

  • Jail Enforcement Model
    The 287(g) Program utilizes the Jail Enforcement Model (JEM) to accomplish its mission, which is designed to identify and process removable aliens with criminal or pending criminal charges who are arrested by state or local LEAs. The JEM Program is supervised by the local ICE Office of Enforcement and Removal Operations Field Office. Under the JEM, nominated state and local law enforcement officers will be trained, certified, and authorized by ICE to perform only those immigration functions that are established on the Standard Operating Procedures (SOP) of the Memorandum of Understanding. ICE provides a training program conducted at the Federal Law Enforcement Training Center ICE Academy in Charleston, SC.
  • Warrant Service Officer Model
    The 287(g) Program developed the Warrant Service Officer (WSO) model to provide an opportunity for jurisdictions to participate in a narrower cooperative agreement with ICE. Under the WSO model, nominated state and local law enforcement officers will be trained, certified, and authorized by ICE to perform limited functions of an immigration officer within the law enforcement agency’s jail and/or correctional facilities as set forth in the Standard Operating Procedures of the Warrant Service Officer Memorandum of Agreement.
    ICE provides a training program conducted by certified instructors at a location most convenient for the participating LEA.

287(g) Successes

In fiscal year (FY) 2019, the 287(g) Program encountered approximately 775 aliens convicted for assault, 704 convicted for dangerous drugs, 145 convicted for sex offenses/assaults, 173 convicted for obstructing police, 110 convicted for weapon offenses, and 21 convicted for homicide.

Recent Arrests

  • Arizona – On May 12, 2020, the Arizona Department of Corrections 287(g) Program encountered a citizen of Mexico sentenced to fifteen years imprisonment and lifetime probation for two felony counts of attempt to commit sexual conduct with a minor and one count of molestation of child and placed an immigration detainer and warrant on the subject. The subject entered the United States on an unknown date and location without inspection.
  • Florida – On May 11, 2020, the Jacksonville County Sheriff’s Office 287(g) Program encountered a citizen of Honduras convicted of unlawful use of a two-way communications device and was sentenced to 12 months confinement. The subject has previous charges of traveling to meet after using a computer to seduce/solicit/lure a child, solicitation of a child via computer to engage in sexual conduct, unlawful use of two-way communication device, resisting officer, marijuana possession, drug equipment possession and drug possession and placed an immigration detainer and warrant on the subject. The subject illegally re-entered the United States after having been previously removed.
  • Virginia – On May 29, 2020, the Prince William - Manassas Regional Adult Detention Center 287(g) Program encountered a citizen of El Salvador charged with attempted aggravated sexual battery parent/grandparent, misdemeanor simple assault against family member, misdemeanor simple assault and misdemeanor parole, probation violation and placed an immigration detainer and warrant on the subject. The subject entered the United States on an unknown date and location without inspection.

Participating Entities

As of July 2020, ICE has 287(g) JEM agreements with 74 law enforcement agencies in 21 states. ICE also has 287(g) WSO agreements with 65 law enforcement agencies in 9 states.

Mutually Signed Agreements
STATE LAW ENFORCEMENT AGENCY SUPPORT TYPE SIGNED MOA
ALABAMA Etowah County Sheriff's Office Jail Enforcement Model 2016-06-08 link
ARIZONA Arizona Department of Corrections Jail Enforcement Model 2020-06-16 link
ARIZONA La Paz County Sheriff's Office Jail Enforcement Model 2020-03-12 link
ARIZONA La Paz County Sheriff's Office Warrant Service Officer 2020-02-27 link
ARIZONA Mesa Police Department Jail Enforcement Model 2020-06-08 link
ARIZONA Pinal County Sheriff's Office Jail Enforcement Model 2016-06-13 link
ARIZONA Yavapai County Sheriff's Office Jail Enforcement Model 2020-06-09 link
ARKANSAS Benton County Sheriff's Office Jail Enforcement Model 2020-06-30 link
ARKANSAS Craighead County Sheriff's Office Jail Enforcement Model 2020-06-18 link
COLORADO Teller County Sheriff's Office Jail Enforcement Model 2020-06-08 link
FLORIDA Baker County Sheriff's Office Warrant Service Officer 2019-10-15 link
FLORIDA Bay County Sheriff's Office Warrant Service Officer 2019-10-15 link
FLORIDA Bradford County Sheriff's Office Warrant Service Officer 2019-10-15 link
FLORIDA Brevard County Sheriff's Office Warrant Service Officer 2019-05-06 link
FLORIDA Broward County Sheriff's Office Warrant Service Officer 2019-09-09 link
FLORIDA Calhoun County Sheriff's Office Warrant Service Officer 2019-09-09 link
FLORIDA Charlotte County Sheriff's Office Warrant Service Officer 2019-05-06 link
FLORIDA Clay County Sheriff's Office Jail Enforcement Model 2020-03-11 link
FLORIDA Collier County Sheriff's Office Jail Enforcement Model 2020-06-09 link
FLORIDA Columbia County Sheriff's Office Warrant Service Officer 2019-05-06 link
FLORIDA DeSoto County Sheriff's Office Warrant Service Officer 2019-10-15 link
FLORIDA Flagler County Sheriff's Office Warrant Service Officer 2019-09-09 link
FLORIDA Franklin County Sheriff's Office Warrant Service Officer 2019-10-15 link
FLORIDA Hamilton County Sheriff's Office Warrant Service Officer 2019-10-15 link
FLORIDA Hendry County Sheriff's Office Warrant Service Officer 2019-10-15 link
FLORIDA Hernando County Sheriff's Office Jail Enforcement Model 2018-02-27 link
FLORIDA Hernando County Sheriff's Office Warrant Service Officer 2019-05-06 link
FLORIDA Highlands County Sheriff's Office Warrant Service Officer 2019-10-15 link
FLORIDA Holmes County Sheriff's Office Warrant Service Officer 2019-10-15 link
FLORIDA Indian River County Sheriff's Office Warrant Service Officer 2019-10-15 link
FLORIDA Jacksonville Sheriff's Office Jail Enforcement Model 2016-06-30 link
FLORIDA Jefferson County Sheriff's Office Warrant Service Officer 2019-10-15 link
FLORIDA Lafayette County Sheriff's Office Warrant Service Officer 2019-10-15 link
FLORIDA Lake County Sheriff's Office Warrant Service Officer 2019-10-15 link
FLORIDA Leon County Sheriff's Office Warrant Service Officer 2019-10-15 link
FLORIDA Levy County Sheriff's Office Warrant Service Officer 2019-05-06 link
FLORIDA Liberty County Sheriff's Office Warrant Service Officer 2019-09-09 link
FLORIDA Madison County Sheriff's Office Warrant Service Officer 2019-09-09 link
FLORIDA Manatee County Sheriff's Office Warrant Service Officer 2019-05-06 link
FLORIDA Marion County Sheriff's Office Warrant Service Officer 2019-10-15 link
FLORIDA Martin County Sheriff's Office Warrant Service Officer 2020-01-22 link
FLORIDA Monroe County Sheriff's Office Warrant Service Officer 2019-10-15 link
FLORIDA Nassau County Sheriff's Office Warrant Service Officer 2019-10-15 link
FLORIDA Okeechobee County Sheriff's Office Warrant Service Officer 2019-10-15 link
FLORIDA Osceola County Corrections Department Warrant Service Officer 2019-10-15 link
FLORIDA Pasco County Sheriff’s Office Jail Enforcement Model 2020-06-10 link
FLORIDA Pinellas County Sheriff's Office Warrant Service Officer 2019-04-24 link
FLORIDA Polk County Sheriff's Office Warrant Service Officer 2019-05-06 link
FLORIDA Putnam County Sheriff's Office Warrant Service Officer 2019-10-15 link
FLORIDA Santa Rosa County Sheriff's Office Warrant Service Officer 2019-10-15 link
FLORIDA Sarasota County Sheriff's Office Warrant Service Officer 2019-05-06 link
FLORIDA Seminole County Sheriff's Office Warrant Service Officer 2019-09-04 link
FLORIDA St Johns County Sheriff's Office Warrant Service Officer 2019-10-15 link
FLORIDA Sumter County Sheriff's Office Warrant Service Officer 2019-10-15 link
FLORIDA Suwannee County Sheriff's Office Warrant Service Officer 2019-10-15 link
FLORIDA Taylor County Sheriff's Office Warrant Service Officer 2019-10-15 link
FLORIDA Wakulla County Sheriff's Office Warrant Service Officer 2019-10-15 link
FLORIDA Walton County Sheriff's Office Warrant Service Officer 2019-05-06 link
GEORGIA Cobb County Sheriff's Office Jail Enforcement Model 2016-06-30 link
GEORGIA Floyd County Sheriff's Office Jail Enforcement Model 2020-06-10 link
GEORGIA Georgia Department of Corrections Jail Enforcement Model 2020-06-09 link
GEORGIA Gwinnett County Sheriff's Office Jail Enforcement Model 2020-03-12 link
GEORGIA Hall County Sheriff's Office Jail Enforcement Model 2020-06-09 link
GEORGIA Oconee County Sheriff's Office Warrant Service Officer 2019-12-31 link
GEORGIA Polk County Sheriff's Office Jail Enforcement Model 2020-07-02 link
GEORGIA Whitfield County Sheriff's Office Jail Enforcement Model 2020-06-09 link
KANSAS Finney County Sheriff’s Office Warrant Service Officer 2020-03-17 link
LOUISIANA East Baton Rouge Parish Sheriff’s Office Jail Enforcement Model 2017-05-03 link
LOUISIANA Ouachita Parish Sheriff's Office Jail Enforcement Model 2019-02-28 link
MARYLAND Cecil County Sheriff's Office Jail Enforcement Model 2020-03-09 link
MARYLAND Frederick County Sheriff's Office Jail Enforcement Model 2020-06-09 link
MARYLAND Harford County Sheriff's Office Jail Enforcement Model 2020-06-26 link
MASSACHUSETTS Barnstable County Sheriff's Office Jail Enforcement Model 2020-06-09 link
MASSACHUSETTS Bristol County Sheriff's Office Jail Enforcement Model 2020-06-08 link
MASSACHUSETTS Massachusetts Department of Corrections Jail Enforcement Model 2020-06-08 link
MASSACHUSETTS Plymouth County Sheriff's Department Jail Enforcement Model 2020-06-08 link
MONTANA Flathead County Sheriff's Department Warrant Service Officer 2020-02-12 link
MONTANA Gallatin County Sheriff's Office Warrant Service Officer 2020-01-22 link
NEBRASKA Dakota County Sheriff's Office Jail Enforcement Model 2020-06-09 link
NEVADA Nye County Sheriff’s Office Jail Enforcement Model 2020-06-09 link
NEW JERSEY Cape May County Sheriffs Office Jail Enforcement Model 2017-04-10 link
NEW JERSEY Monmouth County Sheriff's Office (Addendum) Jail Enforcement Model 2019-03-08 link
NEW YORK Rensselaer County Sheriff's Office Jail Enforcement Model 2020-06-10 link
NORTH CAROLINA Alamance County Sheriff's Office Warrant Service Officer 2020-05-21 link
NORTH CAROLINA Albermarle District Jail Warrant Service Officer 2020-03-19 link
NORTH CAROLINA Cabarrus County Sheriff's Office Jail Enforcement Model 2020-03-11 link
NORTH CAROLINA Caldwell County Sheriff's Office Warrant Service Officer 2020-03-19 link
NORTH CAROLINA Cleveland County Sheriff's Office Warrant Service Officer 2020-01-16 link
NORTH CAROLINA Duplin County Sheriff's Office Warrant Service Officer 2020-06-25 link
NORTH CAROLINA Gaston County Sheriff's Office Jail Enforcement Model 2020-06-09 link
NORTH CAROLINA Henderson County Sheriff's Office Jail Enforcement Model 2020-06-09 link
NORTH CAROLINA Lincoln County Sheriff's Office Warrant Service Officer 2020-06-05 link
NORTH CAROLINA Nash County Sheriff's Office Warrant Service Officer 2020-01-29 link
NORTH CAROLINA Randolph County Sheriff's Office Warrant Service Officer 2020-05-21 link
NORTH CAROLINA Rockingham County Sheriff's Office Warrant Service Officer 2019-12-31 link
OHIO Butler County Sheriff's Office Jail Enforcement Model 2020-06-09 link
OKLAHOMA Canadian County Sheriff's Office Jail Enforcement Model 2020-03-13 link
OKLAHOMA Okmulgee County Criminal Justice Authority Jail Enforcement Model 2020-06-09 link
OKLAHOMA Tulsa County Sheriff's Office Jail Enforcement Model 2020-06-08 link
SOUTH CAROLINA Charleston County Sheriff's Office Jail Enforcement Model 2016-06-23 link
SOUTH CAROLINA Horry County Sheriff's Office Jail Enforcement Model 2020-06-09 link
SOUTH CAROLINA Lexington County Sheriff's Office Jail Enforcement Model 2016-11-04 link
SOUTH CAROLINA York County Sheriff's Office Jail Enforcement Model 2020-06-09 link
TENNESSEE Greene County Sheriff’s Office Jail Enforcement Model 2019-02-28 link
TENNESSEE Knox County Sheriff’s Office Jail Enforcement Model 2017-06-15 link
TEXAS Aransas County Sheriff's Office Jail Enforcement Model 2020-06-08 link
TEXAS Burnet County Sheriff's Office Warrant Service Officer 2019-11-05 link
TEXAS Calhoun County Sheriff’s Office Jail Enforcement Model 2020-03-13 link
TEXAS Chambers County Sheriff’s Office Jail Enforcement Model 2020-06-09 link
TEXAS DeWitt County Sheriff’s Office Jail Enforcement Model 2020-06-08 link
TEXAS Galveston County Sheriff’s Office Jail Enforcement Model 2020-06-08 link
TEXAS Goliad County Sheriff’s Office Jail Enforcement Model 2020-06-09 link
TEXAS Jackson County Sheriff's Office Jail Enforcement Model 2020-06-08 link
TEXAS Kendall County Sheriff's Office Jail Enforcement Model 2020-03-13 link
TEXAS Lavaca County Sheriff’s Office Jail Enforcement Model 2020-06-08 link
TEXAS Lubbock County Sheriff's Office Jail Enforcement Model 2020-06-08 link
TEXAS Matagorda County Sheriff's Office Jail Enforcement Model 2020-03-13 link
TEXAS Montgomery County Sheriff’s Office Jail Enforcement Model 2017-06-28 link
TEXAS Nueces County Sheriff's Office Jail Enforcement Model 2020-06-09 link
TEXAS Potter County Sheriff's Office Jail Enforcement Model 2020-03-02 link
TEXAS Refugio County Sheriff’s Office Jail Enforcement Model 2020-06-09 link
TEXAS Rockwall County Sheriff's Office Jail Enforcement Model 2018-01-25 link
TEXAS Smith County Sheriff’s Office Jail Enforcement Model 2020-06-09 link
TEXAS Tarrant County Sheriff’s Office Jail Enforcement Model 2020-06-16 link
TEXAS Terrell County Sheriff's Office Jail Enforcement Model 2018-01-25 link
TEXAS Victoria County Sheriff’s Office Jail Enforcement Model 2020-06-08 link
TEXAS Walker County Sheriff’s Department Jail Enforcement Model 2020-06-09 link
TEXAS Waller County Sheriff’s Office Warrant Service Officer 2020-02-12 link
TEXAS Wharton County Sheriff’s Office Jail Enforcement Model 2020-06-09 link
TEXAS Williamson County Sheriff's Office Jail Enforcement Model 2020-05-04 link
VIRGINIA Culpeper County Sheriff’s Office Jail Enforcement Model 2020-06-08 link
WISCONSIN Fond du Lac County Sheriff's Office Warrant Service Officer 2020-06-05 link
WISCONSIN Mantiowoc County Sheriff's Office Warrant Service Officer 2020-06-05 link
WISCONSIN Marquette County Sheriff's Office Warrant Service Officer 2020-05-21 link
WISCONSIN Sheboygan County Sheriff's Office Warrant Service Officer 2020-02-27 link
WISCONSIN Waukesha County Sheriff's Office Jail Enforcement Model 2020-06-10 link
WISCONSIN Waushara County Sheriff's Office Warrant Service Officer 2020-06-08 link
WYOMING Sweetwater County Sheriff's Office Warrant Service Officer 2020-03-13 link

 

Last Reviewed/Updated: 07/14/2020