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Delegation of Immigration Authority Section 287(g) Immigration and Nationality Act

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Overview

U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) 287(g) Program enhances the safety and security of communities by creating partnerships with state and local law enforcement agencies to identify and remove aliens who are amenable to removal from the United States.

The Illegal Immigration Reform and Immigrant Responsibility Act of 1996 added Section 287(g), to the Immigration and Nationality Act. This section of law authorizes the Director of ICE to enter into agreements with state and local law enforcement agencies, that permit designated officers to perform limited immigration law enforcement functions. Agreements under section 287(g) require the local law enforcement officers to receive appropriate training and to function under the supervision of ICE officers.

The 287(g) Program continues to receive overwhelmingly positive feedback from its partners. The mutually beneficial agreements allow state and local officers to act as a force multiplier in the identification, arrest, and service of warrants and detainers of incarcerated foreign-born individuals with criminal charges or convictions. Those deemed amenable to removal are identified while still secure in state or local custody, potentially reducing the time the alien spends in ICE custody. The state and local partners benefit by reducing the number of criminal offenders that are released back into the community without being screened for immigration violations. Gang members, sex offenders, and murderers are often identified and taken into ICE custody after serving their criminal sentences, thus being removed from the community. The efficiency and safety of the program allows ICE to actively engage criminal alien offenders while incarcerated in a secure and controlled environment as opposed to the alternative of conducting at-large arrests which can pose safety concerns for the officers and the community and may result in collateral arrests. Federal, state and local officers working together provide a tremendous benefit to public safety through increased law enforcement communication and overall community policing effectiveness.

Memorandum of Agreement

ICE and the requesting Law Enforcement Agency (LEA) sign a Memorandum of Agreement (MOA) that defines the scope, duration and limitations of the delegation of authority. It also sets forth the training requirements, the terms of ICE supervision, and requires the partnering LEA to follow DHS and ICE policies when its designated immigration officers (DIOs) perform delegated immigration enforcement functions.

How to Participate

Officers participating in the 287(g) Program must possess U.S. citizenship, complete and pass a background investigation, and have knowledge of and have enforced laws and regulations pertinent to their law enforcement activities at their jurisdictions. If interested in becoming a law enforcement partner under the 287(g) Program, please send your inquiry to ERO287g@ice.dhs.gov.

Types of Models

  • Jail Enforcement Model
    The 287(g) Program utilizes the Jail Enforcement Model (JEM) to accomplish its mission, which is designed to identify and process removable aliens with criminal or pending criminal charges who are arrested by state or local LEAs. The JEM Program is supervised by the local ICE Office of Enforcement and Removal Operations Field Office. Under the JEM, nominated state and local law enforcement officers will be trained, certified, and authorized by ICE to perform only those immigration functions that are established on the Standard Operating Procedures (SOP) of the Memorandum of Understanding. ICE provides a training program conducted at the Federal Law Enforcement Training Center ICE Academy in Charleston, SC.
  • Warrant Service Officer Model
    The 287(g) Program developed the Warrant Service Officer (WSO) model to provide an opportunity for jurisdictions to participate in a narrower cooperative agreement with ICE. Under the WSO model, nominated state and local law enforcement officers will be trained, certified, and authorized by ICE to perform limited functions of an immigration officer within the law enforcement agency’s jail and/or correctional facilities as set forth in the Standard Operating Procedures of the Warrant Service Officer Memorandum of Agreement.
    ICE provides a training program conducted by certified instructors at a location most convenient for the participating LEA.

287(g) Successes

In fiscal year (FY) 2019, the 287(g) Program encountered approximately 775 aliens convicted for assault, 704 convicted for dangerous drugs, 145 convicted for sex offenses/assaults, 173 convicted for obstructing police, 110 convicted for weapon offenses, and 21 convicted for homicide.

Recent Arrests

  • Arizona – On October 2, 2020, the Arizona Department of Corrections 287(g) Program encountered a citizen of Mexico sentenced to twenty-one years imprisonment for the conviction of three counts of drive by shooting and placed an immigration detainer and warrant on the subject. The subject entered the United States on an unknown date and location without inspection.
  • Georgia – On October 29, 2020, the Georgia Department of Corrections 287(g) Program encountered a citizen of the Bahamas sentenced to life plus twenty five years imprisonment for the conviction of murder, aggravated assault, and possession of a firearm during the commission of a felony and placed an immigration detainer and warrant on the subject. The subject last entered the United States on an unknown date and location without inspection after having been previously removed.
  • Maryland – On October 15, 2020, the Harford County Sheriff's Office 287(g) Program encountered a citizen of Turkey sentenced to twenty years imprisonment for the conviction of rape 2nd degree and assault 2nd degree and placed an immigration detainer and warrant on the subject. The subject entered the United States as a crewman and adjusted status to that of a lawful permanent resident.

Participating Entities

As of October 2020, ICE has 287(g) JEM agreements with 77 law enforcement agencies in 21 states. ICE also has 287(g) WSO agreements with 75 law enforcement agencies in 11 states.

Mutually Signed Agreements
STATELAW ENFORCEMENT AGENCYSUPPORT TYPESIGNEDMOA
ALABAMAEtowah County Sheriff's OfficeJail Enforcement Model2016-06-08link
ALASKADepartment of CorrectionsWarrant Service Officer2020-07-24link
ALASKAKodiak Police DepartmentWarrant Service Officer2020-07-20link
ARIZONAArizona Department of CorrectionsJail Enforcement Model2020-06-16link
ARIZONALa Paz County Sheriff's OfficeJail Enforcement Model2020-03-12link
ARIZONALa Paz County Sheriff's OfficeWarrant Service Officer2020-02-27link
ARIZONAMesa Police DepartmentJail Enforcement Model2020-06-08link
ARIZONAPinal County Sheriff's OfficeJail Enforcement Model2020-06-09link
ARIZONAYavapai County Sheriff's OfficeJail Enforcement Model2020-06-09link
ARKANSASBenton County Sheriff's OfficeJail Enforcement Model2020-06-30link
ARKANSASCraighead County Sheriff's OfficeJail Enforcement Model2020-06-18link
COLORADOTeller County Sheriff's OfficeJail Enforcement Model2020-06-08link
FLORIDABaker County Sheriff's OfficeWarrant Service Officer2019-10-15link
FLORIDABay County Sheriff's OfficeWarrant Service Officer2019-10-15link
FLORIDABradford County Sheriff's OfficeWarrant Service Officer2019-10-15link
FLORIDABrevard County Sheriff's OfficeWarrant Service Officer2019-05-06link
FLORIDABroward County Sheriff's OfficeWarrant Service Officer2019-09-09link
FLORIDACalhoun County Sheriff's OfficeWarrant Service Officer2019-09-09link
FLORIDACharlotte County Sheriff's OfficeWarrant Service Officer2019-05-06link
FLORIDAClay County Sheriff's OfficeJail Enforcement Model2020-03-11link
FLORIDACollier County Sheriff's OfficeJail Enforcement Model2020-06-09link
FLORIDAColumbia County Sheriff's OfficeWarrant Service Officer2019-05-06link
FLORIDADeSoto County Sheriff's OfficeWarrant Service Officer2019-10-15link
FLORIDAFlagler County Sheriff's OfficeWarrant Service Officer2019-09-09link
FLORIDAFlorida Department of CorrectionsJail Enforcement Model2020-08-21link
FLORIDAFranklin County Sheriff's OfficeWarrant Service Officer2019-10-15link
FLORIDAHamilton County Sheriff's OfficeWarrant Service Officer2019-10-15link
FLORIDAHendry County Sheriff's OfficeWarrant Service Officer2019-10-15link
FLORIDAHernando County Sheriff's OfficeJail Enforcement Model2020-06-09link
FLORIDAHernando County Sheriff's OfficeWarrant Service Officer2019-05-06link
FLORIDAHighlands County Sheriff's OfficeWarrant Service Officer2019-10-15link
FLORIDAHolmes County Sheriff's OfficeWarrant Service Officer2019-10-15link
FLORIDAIndian River County Sheriff's OfficeWarrant Service Officer2019-10-15link
FLORIDAJacksonville Sheriff's OfficeJail Enforcement Model2020-06-09link
FLORIDAJefferson County Sheriff's OfficeWarrant Service Officer2019-10-15link
FLORIDALafayette County Sheriff's OfficeWarrant Service Officer2019-10-15link
FLORIDALake County Sheriff's OfficeWarrant Service Officer2019-10-15link
FLORIDALeon County Sheriff's OfficeWarrant Service Officer2019-10-15link
FLORIDALevy County Sheriff's OfficeWarrant Service Officer2019-05-06link
FLORIDALiberty County Sheriff's OfficeWarrant Service Officer2019-09-09link
FLORIDAMadison County Sheriff's OfficeWarrant Service Officer2019-09-09link
FLORIDAManatee County Sheriff's OfficeWarrant Service Officer2019-05-06link
FLORIDAMarion County Sheriff's OfficeWarrant Service Officer2019-10-15link
FLORIDAMartin County Sheriff's OfficeWarrant Service Officer2020-01-22link
FLORIDAMonroe County Sheriff's OfficeWarrant Service Officer2019-10-15link
FLORIDANassau County Sheriff's OfficeWarrant Service Officer2019-10-15link
FLORIDAOkeechobee County Sheriff's OfficeWarrant Service Officer2019-10-15link
FLORIDAOsceola County Corrections DepartmentWarrant Service Officer2019-10-15link
FLORIDAPasco County Sheriff’s OfficeJail Enforcement Model2020-06-10link
FLORIDAPinellas County Sheriff's OfficeWarrant Service Officer2019-04-24link
FLORIDAPolk County Sheriff's OfficeWarrant Service Officer2019-05-06link
FLORIDAPutnam County Sheriff's OfficeWarrant Service Officer2019-10-15link
FLORIDASanta Rosa County Sheriff's OfficeWarrant Service Officer2019-10-15link
FLORIDASarasota County Sheriff's OfficeWarrant Service Officer2019-05-06link
FLORIDASeminole County Sheriff's OfficeWarrant Service Officer2019-09-04link
FLORIDASt Johns County Sheriff's OfficeWarrant Service Officer2019-10-15link
FLORIDASumter County Sheriff's OfficeWarrant Service Officer2019-10-15link
FLORIDASuwannee County Sheriff's OfficeWarrant Service Officer2019-10-15link
FLORIDATaylor County Sheriff's OfficeWarrant Service Officer2019-10-15link
FLORIDAWakulla County Sheriff's OfficeWarrant Service Officer2019-10-15link
FLORIDAWalton County Sheriff's OfficeWarrant Service Officer2019-05-06link
GEORGIACobb County Sheriff's OfficeJail Enforcement Model2020-06-09link
GEORGIAFloyd County Sheriff's OfficeJail Enforcement Model2020-06-10link
GEORGIAGeorgia Department of CorrectionsJail Enforcement Model2020-06-09link
GEORGIAGwinnett County Sheriff's OfficeJail Enforcement Model2020-03-12link
GEORGIAHall County Sheriff's OfficeJail Enforcement Model2020-06-09link
GEORGIAOconee County Sheriff's OfficeWarrant Service Officer2019-12-31link
GEORGIAPolk County Sheriff's OfficeJail Enforcement Model2020-07-02link
GEORGIAWhitfield County Sheriff's OfficeJail Enforcement Model2020-06-09link
IDAHOGooding County Sheriff's OfficeWarrant Service Officer2020-08-17link
IDAHOPower County Sheriff’s OfficeWarrant Service Officer2020-11-20link
KANSASFinney County Sheriff’s OfficeWarrant Service Officer2020-03-17link
KANSASJackson County Sheriff’s OfficeWarrant Service Officer2020-07-23link
LOUISIANAEast Baton Rouge Parish Sheriff’s OfficeJail Enforcement Model2020-06-09link
LOUISIANAOuachita Parish Sheriff's OfficeJail Enforcement Model2020-06-08link
MARYLANDCecil County Sheriff's OfficeJail Enforcement Model2020-03-09link
MARYLANDFrederick County Sheriff's OfficeJail Enforcement Model2020-06-09link
MARYLANDHarford County Sheriff's OfficeJail Enforcement Model2020-06-26link
MASSACHUSETTSBarnstable County Sheriff's OfficeJail Enforcement Model2020-06-09link
MASSACHUSETTSBristol County Sheriff's OfficeJail Enforcement Model2020-06-08link
MASSACHUSETTSMassachusetts Department of CorrectionsJail Enforcement Model2020-06-08link
MASSACHUSETTSPlymouth County Sheriff's DepartmentJail Enforcement Model2020-06-08link
MONTANAFlathead County Sheriff's DepartmentWarrant Service Officer2020-02-12link
MONTANAGallatin County Sheriff's OfficeWarrant Service Officer2020-01-22link
NEBRASKADakota County Sheriff's OfficeJail Enforcement Model2020-06-09link
NEVADANye County Sheriff’s OfficeJail Enforcement Model2020-06-09link
NEW JERSEYCape May County Sheriffs OfficeJail Enforcement Model2017-04-10link
NEW JERSEYMonmouth County Sheriff's Office (Addendum)Jail Enforcement Model2019-03-08link
NEW YORKRensselaer County Sheriff's OfficeJail Enforcement Model2020-06-10link
NORTH CAROLINAAlamance County Sheriff's OfficeWarrant Service Officer2020-05-21link
NORTH CAROLINAAlbermarle District JailWarrant Service Officer2020-03-19link
NORTH CAROLINAAvery County Sheriff's OfficeWarrant Service Officer2020-07-23link
NORTH CAROLINABrunswick County Sheriff's OfficeJail Enforcement Model2020-06-08link
NORTH CAROLINABrunswick County Sheriff's OfficeWarrant Service Officer2020-07-23link
NORTH CAROLINACabarrus County Sheriff's OfficeJail Enforcement Model2020-03-11link
NORTH CAROLINACaldwell County Sheriff's OfficeWarrant Service Officer2020-03-19link
NORTH CAROLINACleveland County Sheriff's OfficeWarrant Service Officer2020-01-16link
NORTH CAROLINADuplin County Sheriff's OfficeWarrant Service Officer2020-06-25link
NORTH CAROLINAGaston County Sheriff's OfficeJail Enforcement Model2020-06-09link
NORTH CAROLINAHenderson County Sheriff's OfficeJail Enforcement Model2020-06-09link
NORTH CAROLINALincoln County Sheriff's OfficeWarrant Service Officer2020-06-05link
NORTH CAROLINANash County Sheriff's OfficeWarrant Service Officer2020-01-29link
NORTH CAROLINARandolph County Sheriff's OfficeWarrant Service Officer2020-05-21link
NORTH CAROLINARockingham County Sheriff's OfficeWarrant Service Officer2019-12-31link
NORTH CAROLINAYancey County Sheriff's OfficeWarrant Service Officer2020-07-20link
OHIOButler County Sheriff's OfficeJail Enforcement Model2020-06-09link
OKLAHOMACanadian County Sheriff's OfficeJail Enforcement Model2020-03-13link
OKLAHOMAOkmulgee County Criminal Justice AuthorityJail Enforcement Model2020-06-09link
OKLAHOMATulsa County Sheriff's OfficeJail Enforcement Model2020-06-08link
SOUTH CAROLINACharleston County Sheriff's OfficeJail Enforcement Model2020-06-09link
SOUTH CAROLINAHorry County Sheriff's OfficeJail Enforcement Model2020-06-09link
SOUTH CAROLINALexington County Sheriff's OfficeJail Enforcement Model2020-06-08link
SOUTH CAROLINAYork County Sheriff's OfficeJail Enforcement Model2020-06-09link
TENNESSEEGreene County Sheriff’s OfficeJail Enforcement Model2020-06-09link
TENNESSEEKnox County Sheriff’s OfficeJail Enforcement Model2017-06-15link
TEXASAransas County Sheriff's OfficeJail Enforcement Model2020-06-08link
TEXASBurnet County Sheriff's OfficeWarrant Service Officer2019-11-05link
TEXASCalhoun County Sheriff’s OfficeJail Enforcement Model2020-03-13link
TEXASChambers County Sheriff’s OfficeJail Enforcement Model2020-06-09link
TEXASDeWitt County Sheriff’s OfficeJail Enforcement Model2020-06-08link
TEXASGalveston County Sheriff’s OfficeJail Enforcement Model2020-06-08link
TEXASGoliad County Sheriff’s OfficeJail Enforcement Model2020-06-09link
TEXASJackson County Sheriff's OfficeJail Enforcement Model2020-06-08link
TEXASKendall County Sheriff's OfficeJail Enforcement Model2020-03-13link
TEXASKleberg County Sheriff's OfficeJail Enforcement Model2020-07-31link
TEXASLavaca County Sheriff’s OfficeJail Enforcement Model2020-06-08link
TEXASLubbock County Sheriff's OfficeJail Enforcement Model2020-06-08link
TEXASMatagorda County Sheriff's OfficeJail Enforcement Model2020-03-13link
TEXASMontgomery County Sheriff’s OfficeJail Enforcement Model2017-06-28link
TEXASNueces County Sheriff's OfficeJail Enforcement Model2020-06-09link
TEXASPotter County Sheriff's OfficeJail Enforcement Model2020-03-02link
TEXASRefugio County Sheriff’s OfficeJail Enforcement Model2020-06-09link
TEXASRockwall County Sheriff's OfficeJail Enforcement Model2020-06-09link
TEXASSan Patricio County Sheriff’s OfficeJail Enforcement Model2020-09-03link
TEXASSmith County Sheriff’s OfficeJail Enforcement Model2020-06-09link
TEXASTarrant County Sheriff’s OfficeJail Enforcement Model2020-06-16link
TEXASTerrell County Sheriff's OfficeJail Enforcement Model2020-06-09link
TEXASVictoria County Sheriff’s OfficeJail Enforcement Model2020-06-08link
TEXASWalker County Sheriff’s DepartmentJail Enforcement Model2020-06-09link
TEXASWaller County Sheriff’s OfficeWarrant Service Officer2020-02-12link
TEXASWharton County Sheriff’s OfficeJail Enforcement Model2020-06-09link
TEXASWilliamson County Sheriff's OfficeJail Enforcement Model2020-05-04link
VIRGINIACulpeper County Sheriff’s OfficeJail Enforcement Model2020-06-08link
WISCONSINBrown County Sheriff's OfficeWarrant Service Officer2020-10-16link
WISCONSINFond du Lac County Sheriff's OfficeWarrant Service Officer2020-06-05link
WISCONSINLafayette County Sheriff's OfficeWarrant Service Officer2020-08-21link
WISCONSINMantiowoc County Sheriff's OfficeWarrant Service Officer2020-06-05link
WISCONSINMarquette County Sheriff's OfficeWarrant Service Officer2020-05-21link
WISCONSINSheboygan County Sheriff's OfficeWarrant Service Officer2020-02-27link
WISCONSINWaukesha County Sheriff's OfficeJail Enforcement Model2020-06-10link
WISCONSINWaushara County Sheriff's OfficeWarrant Service Officer2020-06-08link
WYOMINGSweetwater County Sheriff's OfficeWarrant Service Officer2020-03-13link

 

Last Reviewed/Updated: 11/24/2020