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Fact Sheets

Enforcement and Removal

The 287(g) program, one of ICE's top partnership initiatives, allows a state and local law enforcement entity to enter into a partnership with ICE, under a joint Memorandum of Agreement (MOA), in order to receive delegated authority for immigration enforcement within their jurisdictions.
In 2009, ICE revised the 287(g) delegated authority program, strengthening public safety and ensuring consistency in immigration enforcement across the country by prioritizing the arrest and detention of criminal noncitizens.

Enforcement and Removal Operations (ERO) opened the Berks Family Residential Center in Leesport, Pennsylvania in 2001 to accommodate noncitizen families in ICE custody.

ICE’s HSI and ERO are responsible for protecting the homeland through the investigation, arrest and removal of those who undermine the safety of our communities and the integrity of U.S. immigration laws.
U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) Air Operations (IAO) is ICE’s primary air transportation division.
ICE ERO manages all aspects of the immigration enforcement process — including the detention of noncitizens in facilities nationwide during the pendency of their immigration proceedings.
ICE operates the Online Detainee Locator System (ODLS) a public, web-based system that allows family members, legal representatives, and members of the public to locate individuals who are detained by ICE.
Under the new policy, noncitizens who arrive in the United States at a port of entry and are found to have a credible fear of persecution or torture will automatically be considered by ICE ERO for parole.
DHS issued a memorandum — Guidelines for Enforcement Actions In or Near Protected Areas — instructing officers to refrain from taking enforcement actions at or near locations or protected areas in October 2021. This policy is part of DHS’s effort to avoid restricting people’s access to essential services or engagement in essential activities.
Questions and Answers related to Using a Victim-Centered Approach with Noncitizen Crime Victims

Homeland Security Investigations

Targets the full array of methods used to smuggle bulk cash, including commercial and private passenger vehicles, commercial airline shipments and passengers, and pedestrians crossing U.S. borders with Mexico and Canada.

In 2009, U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) initiated an investigation targeting transportation companies involved in the illicit movement of recently smuggled noncitizens in the Phoenix and Tucson Arizona area. Dubbed 'Operation In Plain Sight' because of the brazen nature of the transportation companies' activities, this investigation marks the most comprehensive human smuggling investigation in ICE history.
ICE continues to enhance its Trafficking in Persons (TIP) Strategy and plays a key role in DHS's anti-human trafficking initiative, the Blue Campaign. The Blue Campaign is organized around the three "Ps" of the Trafficking Victims Protection Act (TVPA): Protection (victim assistance), Prevention (public awareness) and Prosecution (law enforcement efforts). The Blue Campaign also emphasizes a fourth "P": Partnerships.
According to the U.S. Department of State, the United States is a destination country for thousands of men, women, and children trafficked from all areas of the world. These victims are trafficked for the purposes of sexual and labor exploitation. Many of these victims are lured from their homes with false promises of well-paying jobs; instead, they are forced or coerced into prostitution, domestic servitude, farm or factory labor or other types of forced labor.

On November 6, 1986, the enactment of the Immigration Reform and Control Act required employers to verify the identity and employment eligibility of their employees and created criminal and civil sanctions for employment related violations.

ICEPIC helps to identify suspicious identities and discovers possible non-obvious relationships among individuals and organizations. All ICEPIC activity is predicated on valid and ongoing law enforcement investigations.

HSI personnel will be on the front lines of the interagency effort to mitigate the threat posed by criminal organizations seeking to exploit and profit from criminal activity conducted in and around the Super Bowl - from the identification and seizure of counterfeit goods to enhanced efforts to counter human trafficking.
Established in each of the 26 HSI Special Agent in Charge (SAC) offices across the country the IPTETs build on the investigative best practices identified by the IPR Center, its partner agencies and private industry. The IPTETs use an informal task force approach to enhance coordination of IP theft investigations between federal, state and local law enforcement partners in their local area.
The mission of the IPR Center is to insure national security by protecting the public’s health and safety, the U.S. economy, and the war fighters, and to stop predatory and unfair trade practices that threaten the global economy.
Combats pharmaceutical smuggling
Combats the importation of substandard tainted, and counterfeit products that pose health and safety risks to consumers
The IPR Center and its partner agencies aggressively pursue those who steal from American businesses and ultimately the American workers who work to produce the real goods and products.
Uses enforcement actions to raise awareness of the dangers posed by counterfeit medicines and medical devices being sold on the Internet
The National Intellectual Property Rights Coordination Center's (IPR Center) Outreach & Training Unit engages in partnerships with public and private sectors to combat Intellectual Property (IP) theft through its Operation Joint Venture (Joint Venture) initiative.
Despite international efforts to stop counterfeiting, a lack of consumer knowledge and the increase of online shopping gives crooks more ways than ever to dupe unsuspecting individuals out of jobs, profits and the health and safety of their families.

One of ICE's highest priorities is to prevent illicit procurement networks, terrorist groups and hostile nations from illegally obtaining U.S. military products, sensitive dual-use technology, weapons of mass destruction, or chemical, biological, radiological and nuclear materials.
Success Stories – ICE Uses Immigration and Customs Authorities to Address National Security Threats

Each year, millions of children fall prey to sexual predators.

Customs laws allow ICE to seize national treasures, especially if they have been reported lost or stolen. ICE works with experts to authenticate the items, determine their true ownership and return them to their countries of origin.
The Shadow Wolves specialize in the interdiction of human and drug smugglers through the rugged terrain of the Sonoran Desert utilizing both technology and the traditional art of tracking.
The in-bond system allows merchandise not intended for entry into U.S. commerce to travel through the United States without being subject to duties and taxes. The in-bond system makes this feasible to facilitate trade to foreign markets.
Stolen art, looted antiquities, fraudulently acquired artifacts – these are the little known casualties of war.

This job aid is a quick-reference for termination reasons noted in Student and Exchange Visitor Information System (SEVIS).

Management and Administration

Budget - Fiscal Year 2005
Budget - Fiscal Year 2006
Budget - Fiscal Year 2007
Budget - Fiscal Year 2008
Budget - Fiscal Year 2009
ICE has an annual budget of more than $5.7 billion, with Fiscal Year 2010 (FY10) budget figures in key categories.
ICE Fiscal Year (FY) 2011 Enacted Budget
ICE Fiscal Year (FY) 2012 Enacted Budget

The Student Volunteer Program offers unpaid, professional training opportunities to undergraduate and graduate college students. These opportunities provide work experience related to the students’ academic programs and provide them an opportunity to explore career options, as well as develop their personal and professional skills. These are uncompensated positions and do not have to be announced nor do they count towards existing vacancies.