U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) is the largest investigative agency in the Department of Homeland Security (DHS). With more than 20,000 employees in over 400 offices nationwide and around the world, ICE is a key component of the DHS layered defense approach to protecting the United States. ICE has an annual budget of more than $5.7 billion, with Fiscal Year 2010 (FY10) budget figures in key categories as detailed below.
Salaries and Expenses
Headquarters Management & Administration (HQ M&A) - The Offices of the Assistant Secretary (OAS), State and Local Coordination (OSLC), the Chief Financial Officer (OCFO), the Chief Information Officer (OCIO), Acquisition Management (OAQ), and Professional Responsibility (OPR) perform the management and administration (M&A) activities for ICE. The M&A activities include executive and overall leadership direction, strategic planning, policy development, and administrative support for the human, financial, information and physical resources required to facilitate the operational capabilities of a productive ICE workforce.
- CFO/OAS/OAQ/OPR $ 279.1 million
- Information Technology $ 233.2 million
- Total HQ M&A $ 512.3 million
The Office of the Principal Legal Advisor (OPLA) provides the legal advice, training and services required to support the ICE mission. OPLA attorneys handle a variety of immigration-related issues that range from contested removals to custody determinations to applications for administrative relief, as well as legal advice in customs-related enforcement actions and matters involving commercial and administrative law.
- Legal Proceedings $ 221.7 million
The Office of Investigations (OI) enforces trade and immigration laws through the investigation of activities, persons and events that may pose a threat to the safety or security of the United States and its people. OI also investigates illegal trafficking in weapons (including weapons of mass destruction), the smuggling of narcotics and other contraband, human smuggling and trafficking, money laundering and other financial crimes, fraudulent trade practices, identity and benefit fraud, child pornography, child sex tourism, and health and public safety dangers.
- Investigations $ 1.65 billion
The Office of International Affairs (OIA) conducts investigative efforts in over 50 attaché offices in 40 foreign locations. OIA performs a multi-faceted enforcement mission that includes working with foreign governments and international partners to facilitate enforcement of U.S. customs and immigration laws beyond U.S. borders. OIA facilitates removals and repatriations of aliens from the United States to foreign locations. OIA operates the Visa Security Program (VSP), which focuses on high-risk visa-issuance locations to identify and interdict potential threats before they enter the United States.
- International Investigations $ 112.9 million
- Visa Security Program $ 30.7 million
- International Affairs $ 143.6 million
The Office of Intelligence collects, analyzes and distributes information on critical homeland security vulnerabilities that could be exploited by terrorist and criminal organizations. Intelligence uses data and information on the movement of people, money and materials into, within and out of the United States to provide accurate and timely reporting to ICE leadership and field agents. Intelligence Operations’ Field Intelligence Groups (FIGs) are the agency’s primary vehicle for intelligence analysis in support of field operations and enforcement. FIGs link headquarters and field components to facilitate intelligence collection, integration, analysis and dissemination.
- Intelligence $ 69.8 million
Detention and Removal Operations
The Office of Detention and Removal Operations (DRO) is responsible for ensuring that every alien who has been ordered removed departs the United States through fair enforcement of the nation’s immigration laws. DRO also coordinates with foreign governments to ensure destination countries will accept aliens removed from the United States.
- Custody Operations $ 1.77 billion
- Fugitive Operations $ 229.7 million
- Criminal Alien Program $ 192.5 million
- Alternatives to Detention $ 69.9 million
- Transportation and Removal Program $ 281.9 million
- Detention and Removal Operations $ 2.55 billion
Secure Communities/Comprehensive Identification and Removal of Criminal Aliens (SC/CIRCA)
SC/CIRCA sets out a comprehensive plan to improve community safety by transforming the way the federal government cooperates with state and local law enforcement agencies to identify, detain and remove all criminal aliens held in custody. SC/CIRCA is changing immigration enforcement by using technology to share information between law enforcement agencies and by applying risk-based methodologies to focus resources on assisting all local communities in the removal of those criminal aliens representing the greatest threat to community safety.
- SC/Identification and Removal of Criminal Aliens $ 200.0 million
Total Salaries and Expenses $ 5.34 billion
The Automation Modernization program allows ICE to improve information sharing with DHS and across ICE organizations; strengthen information availability; improve detainee tracking; and preparation of travel documents; provide a fully secure information technology (IT) environment; and enhance financial management and audit practices. Key areas in FY10 include the ATLAS IT Infrastructure Program, DRO Modernization and Law Enforcement Systems Modernization.
- Total Automation $ 90.0 million
The Construction Program provides housing, processing, medical, administrative and support facilities needed to assist and meet the needs of DRO activities. FY10 and carryover funds will be used for repairs and alterations of existing properties.
- Total Construction $ 4.8 million
Immigration User Fee
The ICE Immigration User Fee account is a repository for fees collected from passengers arriving on commercial aircraft and vessels at U.S. air and sea ports of entry. These fees are used to recover costs of ICE operations to deter, detect, detain, adjudicate and remove passengers who are inadmissible to the U.S. under the Immigration and Nationality Act (INA) or who attempt to avoid immigration inspection at air and sea ports of entry and enter the United States unlawfully.
- Total Immigration Inspection User Fee $ 109.8 million
Breached Bond Detention Fund
Amounts deposited into the Breached Bond Detention Fund are used for expenses incurred in the collection of breached bonds, bond management, litigation activities to obtain compliance from surety companies found to be delinquent in meeting their obligations, and for expenses associated with the detention of criminal and illegal aliens. ICE uses these resources to support bedspace and related staff.
- Total Breached Bond Detention Fund $ 75.0 million
Student and Exchange Visitor Program
The Student and Exchange Visitor Program (SEVP) mission is to enhance national security by collecting, maintaining and providing reliable information on foreign students, exchange visitors, and the schools and exchange programs that host them. SEVP is an enforcement tool to assist in keeping our nation safe while facilitating the participation of students and exchange visitors in U.S. academic programs.
- Total Student and Exchange Visitor Program $ 120.0 million
Total ICE $5.74 billion
FY 2010 Initiatives
ICE’s FY10 budget will allow ICE to capitalize on its successes over the last several years and includes new funding for southwest border enforcement (investigative, international and intelligence activities), management and IT improvements, and the Secure Communities Program.
The following highlights the key initiatives funded in FY 2010:
- Southwest Border Enforcement ………………………………… $100.0 million (308 FTE)
This cross-program initiative is intended to increase national security by expanding activities to control our borders. Funding for the Offices of Investigations, Intelligence and International Affairs will be used to increase enforcement staffing, improve cooperative efforts with the Mexican government and establish an additional Border Violence Intelligence Cell. This initiative helps prevent the movement of people, money and materials that could harm the United States.
- Co-location of ICE Facilities ……………………………………. $47.1 million (13 FTE)
This funds the second year of the ICE-wide co-location strategy to consolidate ICE personnel and operations scattered across multiple buildings in select metropolitan areas to improve operational efficiencies and provide long-term cost savings.
- Secure Communities ………………………………………....….. $43.5 million (46 FTE)
This program aims to remove all Level 1 criminal aliens (those convicted of violent felonies and major drug crimes) from the United States. In order to achieve this goal, funds will be used to hire new enforcement personnel who will identify suspected criminal aliens, determine subjects’ alien status, prioritize ICE enforcement actions against the highest threat removable criminal aliens, assist in the removal of apprehended criminal aliens, and continue ongoing IT investments that will improve efficiencies within ICE criminal alien identification, prioritization and removal processes.
- Improved Integrity Oversight ………………………………….. $2.1 million (4 FTE)
This funding will allow ICE to expand the number and scope of workforce fraud and misconduct investigations commensurate with growth in staffing.
- Detention Facilities Inspection Group …………………………. $12.4 million (25 FTE)
This program increase will allow ICE to expand the number and scope of independent inspections of ICE detention facilities and will improve the welfare, safety and living conditions of ICE detainees and the safety of ICE employees.
- State and Local Law Enforcement Support ……………………. $11.6 million (20 FTE)
This program increase will allow the Office of State and Local Coordination (OSLC) to oversee outreach activities for the ICE ACCESS programs. Funding allows for permanent staff for OSLC, continuation of ICE ACCESS, training and information technology assistance for participants in the 287(g) program, and detention bedspace resulting from increased enforcement.
- Worksite Enforcement …………………………………………… $6.0 million (27 FTE)
Funding for worksite enforcement will allow ICE to provide a strong deterrent to employers who knowingly hire illegal workers; reduce economic incentive for illegal immigration; and restore the integrity of employment laws.
- Nationwide Expansion of Alternatives to Detention (ATD)…… $6.0 million (0 FTE)
Funding for ATD will enable ICE to remove people from detention who, if monitored on ATD, will appear for hearings and removal.
- Data Center Migration ………………………………….….……. $23.9 million (0 FTE)
This funding is targeted at migrating data center operations, active online data, and other IT assets from two Department of Justice (DOJ) data centers and multiple processing centers to two new DHS data centers while ensuring near continuous operations of mission-critical IT systems through contingency infrastructure, planning and testing, to provide systems and data integrity that align with the DHS goal of ensuring that two new DHS data centers support fully redundant IT systems.
- Atlas Infrastructure ………………………………………………... $12.2 million 1 FTE)
This funding will be used to plan, schedule, develop and implement the replacement of many legacy ICE local area networks; continue modernizing an additional 290 ICE sites with new file and print servers; complete the integration of 22 data collection systems into one database; and oversee the migration of ICE information technology assets from the DOJ data centers to the DHS data centers.
- DRO Modernization ……………………………………………….. $20.0 million (7 FTE)
This funding will be used to develop and deploy Version 1 of the Detainee Location Tracking Module as part of the Bedspace and Transportation Management system, expand the ICE data warehouse capacity and reporting capability to support the DRO information technology data, and expand Web services to allow the Electronic Travel Document application to communicate with other internal or external applications.
- Law Enforcement Systems Modernization …………..…………… $49.4 million (9 FTE)
This program increase includes a number of case management (including the TECS Modernization project), information sharing and operational support service projects that will improve access to law enforcement information.
- eHR …………………………………………………………………. $ 8.4 million (2 FTE)
This funding will address the Division of Immigration Health Services infrastructure deficiencies and begin the design and development of an electronic health records system, which will allow real-time reporting of detainees’ medical information.