HOUSTON — Ten Aryan Brotherhood of Texas (ABT) gang members and associates were sentenced to prison this week for their roles in the violent ABT enterprise.
These sentences were announced by U.S. Attorney Kenneth Magidson and Assistant Attorney General Leslie R. Caldwell of the Justice Department’s Criminal Division.
This Organized Crime Drug Enforcement Task Force case is being investigated by the following agencies: U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement’s (ICE) Homeland Security Investigations (HSI); the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives; FBI; Drug Enforcement Administration; U.S. Marshals Service; Bureau of Prisons; Texas Rangers; Texas Department of Public Safety; Texas Department of Criminal Justice’s Office of Inspector General; Sheriff’s offices in Montgomery, Harris, Atascosa, Orange, Waller, Galveston and Tarrant counties; police departments in Houston, Alvin, Carrollton, Mesquite, Baytown and Fort Worth; and District Attorney’s offices in Montgomery, Atascosa and Harris counties.
Michael Richard Lamphere, 56, Glen Ray Millican Jr., 41, both of Houston; and Rebecca Johnson Cropp, 46, of Dallas, were sentenced Thursday to serve respective terms of 240, 120 and 36 months in federal prison by U.S. District Judge Sim Lake. Earlier this week, William David Maynard, 44, Sammy Keith Shipman, 32, Chad Ray Folmsbee, 32, David Orlando Roberts, 36, Justin Christopher Northrup, 29, all of Houston; Tammy Melissa Wall, 45, of Otto, N.C.; and Benjamin Troy Johnson, 43, of Corpus Christi, were each sentenced to serve respective terms of 262, 188, 140, 135, 130, 72 and 36 months in federal prison.
According to information presented in court, the 10 defendants were admitted members and associates of ABT, a powerful race-based organization that operates inside and outside of state and federal prisons throughout Texas and the United States. Along with other ABT gang members and associates, they agreed to commit multiple acts of murder, robbery, arson, kidnapping and narcotics trafficking on behalf of the ABT gang. ABT gang members met on a regular basis at various locations throughout Texas to report on gang-related business, collect dues, commit disciplinary assaults against fellow gang members and discuss acts of violence against rival gang members, among other things.
ABT was established in the early 1980s within the Texas prison system. The gang modeled itself after and adopted many of the precepts and writings of the Aryan Brotherhood, a California-based prison gang that was formed in the California prison system during the 1960s. Previously, ABT was primarily concerned with protecting white inmates and white supremacy/separatism. Over time, ABT has expanded its criminal enterprise to include illegal activities for profit, according to court records.
To be considered for ABT membership, a person must be sponsored by another gang member. Once sponsored, a prospective member must serve an unspecified term, during which he is referred to as a prospect, while his conduct is observed by ABT members.
Court documents allege that ABT enforced its rules and promoted discipline among its members, prospects and associates through murder, attempted murder, arson, assault, robbery and threats against those who violated the rules or posed a threat to the enterprise. Members, and often associates, were required to follow the orders of higher-ranking members, often referred to as “direct orders.”
The defendants sentenced this week represent the final 10 of 36 defendants convicted of conducting racketeering activity through the ABT criminal enterprise, among other charges.
This case is being prosecuted by Assistant U.S. Attorneys Ed Gallagher and Tim Braley for the Southern District of Texas and David Karpel of the Criminal Division’s Organized Crime and Gang Section.