U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) protects the United States by promoting homeland security and public safety through the criminal and civil enforcement of federal laws governing border control, customs, trade and immigration. To accomplish this mission, ICE removes individuals wanted by its foreign law enforcement partners and conducts multi-faceted federal law enforcement operations.
Below are ICE's top 10 high profile removals.
John Demjanjuk, a former Nazi death camp guard and a resident of Seven Hills, Ohio, was removed by ICE to Germany May 12, 2009. Demjanjuk was removed through a court order of removal obtained by the Department of Justice. March 10, 2009, a German judge issued an order directing that Demjanjuk, 89, be arrested on suspicion of assisting in the murder of at least 29,000 Jews at the Sobibor extermination center in Nazi-occupied Poland during World War II. In addition to serving at Sobibor, Demjanjuk served the SS as an armed guard of civilian prisoners in Germany at the Nazi-operated Flossenbürg concentration camp in Germany and at Majdanek concentration camp and the Trawniki training and forced labor camp in Nazi-occupied Poland.
George Saigbe Boley, 62, formerly of Hilton, N.Y., was the leader of the Liberian Peace Council that committed human rights abuses during the Liberian civil war in the 1990s. He was deported to Monrovia, Liberia, March 30, 2012. Boley was found by an immigration judge Feb. 6, 2012, to be removable from the United States. This was the first removal order obtained by ICE under the authorities of the Child Soldiers Accountability Act of 2008, which added the recruitment and use of child soldiers as a ground of inadmissibility to and deportability from the U.S.
Jean-Marie Vianney Mudahinyuka, 50, an alleged human rights violator, wanted by Rwandan authorities on charges of crimes against humanity during the 1994 genocide, was deported to Rwanda. Mudahinyuka arrived in Kigali, Rwanda, Jan. 28, 2011, He was wanted on an international arrest warrant. Upon arrival in Kigali, Mudahinyuka was turned over to the custody of the Rwandan National Police to face charges of genocide and war crimes.
Josias Kumpf, 83, a former Nazi concentration camp guard who settled in Racine, Wis., after World War II and acquired U.S citizenship, was removed to Austria March 19, 2009. He participated in Nazi-sponsored acts of persecution during World War II. Kumpf served as an armed SS Death's Head guard at the Nazi-run Sachsenhausen Concentration Camp in Germany and at the Trawniki training and forced labor camp in Poland. During his service at Trawniki, he participated in a mass shooting in which 8,000 men, women and children were murdered in a single day, Nov. 3, 1943.
ICE carried out the removal of suspected human rights violator Marko Boskic to Bosnia and Herzegovina April 27, 2010. He was turned over to authorities in Sarajevo to face war crimes charges. Boskic admitted his direct participation in the killing of unarmed victims during the 1991-1995 Yugoslavian civil war. He was assigned to the 10th Sabotage Detachment, a unit that was involved in the murder of at least 1,200 unarmed prisoners of war at Branjevo Farm near Srebrenica in 1995. This was part of a larger genocidal campaign in which approximately 7,000-8,000 Bosnian Muslim men and boys were killed. The crimes at Srebrenica are the only court-designated genocide to occur in Europe since World War II.
Giuseppe Baldinucci, 64, was returned to his native Italy and turned over to Italian authorities Sept. 11, 2008. Baldinucci's outstanding Italian arrest warrant stems from the assistance he rendered to the then fugitive Giovanni Brusca, a well-known member of the Corleone mafia family. Some of the crimes the Italians attributed to Brusca include the 1993 bombing of the Uffizi gallery in Florence, the strangling of an 11-year old boy and the murder of the Italian anti-mafia magistrate Giovanni Falcone.
Pedro Pimentel Rios, 54, a Santa Ana, Calif., maintenance worker, was wanted in his native country of Guatemala on criminal charges for his role in the Dos Erres massacre. A former member of the Guatemalan army, whom witnesses say participated in a massacre there three decades ago, which claimed at least 162 lives, was deported to his native country July 12, 2011. Once he arrived in Guatemala he was immediately turned over to Guatemalan law enforcement officials.
A Salvadoran man was returned to his native country Feb. 11, 2013, by ERO to face charges for sexually assaulting five minor children, who were in his care at a children's home he managed in El Salvador. Jose Mauricio Huezo-Ortega, 37, was arrested Sept. 14, 2012, at his residence in Falls Church, Va., by ERO Washington's fugitive operations team. Following his arrest, he was placed in immigration removal proceedings and subsequently on Dec. 28, 2012, a U.S. immigration judge ordered Huezo removed from the United States.
ICE removed two men with ties to terrorism, one an admitted member of a terrorist group and one a member of outlawed militant organization, to their native Pakistan. The first, Khamal Muhammad, 23, a San Francisco Bay area resident, was an admitted member of Harakat ul-Mujahidin, a U.S.-designated terrorist organization in Pakistan. The second individual removed, Hamid Sheikh, 41, a Philadelphia resident, was convicted of making false statements to federal agents regarding the whereabouts of a member of Sipah-e-Mohammed Pakistan, a militant organization that was involved in massacres and targeted killings.
ICE removed Majid Al-Massari, 35, a native and citizen of Saudi Arabia belonging to an undesignated terrorist organization. Al-Massari was ordered removed June 30, 2005, and was removed Jan. 29, 2007. At the time of his arrest, Al-Massari was a Seattle area computer security specialist using his cyber skills to engage in terrorist activities. He purposely used his computer and communications skills to advance the terrorist goals of the Committee for Defense of Legitimate Rights and incite hatred against other groups of people. Al-Massari moderated an Internet chatroom for members of the group and posted Al Qaeda's weekly magazine at his site.